Welcome To Mallorca! A travelers guide…
Good to know about Mallorca!
Mallorca / Majorca has two mountainous regions each about 70 km in length. These occupy the north-western (Serra de Tramuntana or Tramuntana range) and eastern thirds of the island. The highest peak on Mallorca / Majorca is Puig Major (1,445 m) in the Serra de Tramuntana. As this is a military zone, the neighbouring peak at Puig de Massanella is the highest accessible peak (1,364 m). The northeast coast comprises two bays: the Badia de Pollenca and the larger Badia d Alcudia. The northern coast is rugged and has many cliffs. The central zone extending from Palma de Mallorca is generally flat fertile plain known as Es Pla. The island has a variety of caves both above and below sea-level. Two of the caves above sea-level also contain underground lakes and are open to tours. Both are near the eastern coastal town of Porto Cristo, the Coves dels Hams and the Coves del Drach. It is the largest by area and second most populated island of Spain (Tenerife in the Canary Islands). The climate is Mediterranean, with markedly higher precipitation in the Serra de Tramuntana. Summers are hot in the plains and winters mild to cool, getting colder in the Tramuntana range; in this part of the island brief episodes of snow during the winter are not unusual.
Mallorca’s own language is Catalan. The two official languages of Mallorca are Catalan and Spanish. The local dialect of Catalan is Mallorquí, even though the dialects are slightly different in most villages. Typically, young Mallorcans are bilingual in Catalan and Spanish, with some knowledge of English. A significant number of the tourist population speaks German as a native language, so much so that in Germany, Mallorca is jokingly referred to as the 17th Federal State.
Since the 1950s Mallorca has become a major tourist destination, and the tourism business has become the main source of revenue for the island. In 2001, the island received millions of tourists, and the boom in the tourism industry has provided significant growth in the economy of the country. More than half of the population works in the tourist sector, which accounts for approximately 80% of Mallorca’s GDP. The currency currently used in Mallorca is the Euro (€).
As an island, Mallorca / Majorca is a candidate for auto-free status. There are two commuter railway lines that operate on the island. The lines connect Palma de Mallorca to Manacor and Sa Pobla. There is also a third railway line which operates as a tourist attraction using a vintage train to connect Palma de Mallorca to Soller along a scenic route. There is also a good network of buses that connects Palma to all the major towns around the island as well as many of the smaller destinations. Most buses depart from the Placa d’Espanya where you can also pick up a timetable from the tourist information kiosk.
Timetables and buslines for Mallorca.
Timetables and buslines for Palma de Mallorca.
In 2005, there were over 2,400 restaurants on the island of Mallorca according to the Mallorcan Tourist Board, ranging from small bars to full restaurants. Despite Mallorca’s location in the Mediterranean, seafood is often imported. Olives and almonds are typical of the Mallorcan diet. The island has over 4 million almond and olive trees. Among the food items that are Mallorcan are sobrassada, arros brut (saffron rice cooked with chicken, pork and vegetables), and the sweet pastry ensaïmada.
The popularity of the island as a tourist destination has been steadily growing since the 1950s with many artists and academics choosing to visit and even live on the island. Visitors to Mallorca continued to increase with holiday makers in the 1970s approaching 3 million a year. In 2010, over 6 million visitors came to Mallorca staying at the many resorts. With millions of rooms available Mallorca’s economy is largely dependent on its tourism industry. Holiday makers are attracted by the large number of beaches, warm weather and high quality tourist amenities.